By Fraser Januchowski-Hartley
A new study by SPACES team members, published in the journal Society and Natural Resources explores the social and economic structure of East African artisanal fisheries, and the links between fisher and trader social characteristics and market returns.
The study explores how relative power in fish markets between sellers and buyers can provide important insights that speak to the debate over the links between fishing and poverty. The research design benefits from multiple methods (focus group discussions and surveys) and aims to analyse how socioeconomic attributes of fishers and traders (e.g., education,
dependency, boat ownership etc) can explain variation in prices. The motivation behind this is to elaborate how evidence on relative social and economic power in the marketplace can shed light on the underlying direction of causality for the fishing-poverty puzzle.
Interestingly, the study found that fishers who owned their own fishing gears received lower prices for the fish they caught from fish traders, who often loan gears to fishers who do not have their own and, due to the diffuse nature of the fishery landing sites, fish traders did not choose the markets they visited based on the prices they expected to pay for fish. The findings highlight the complexity of the link between fisheries and poverty; views on the factors affecting fish price were sometimes not borne out in quantitative data analysis.
The paper identifies gaps for future research on the fishing-poverty link. These include employing multi-methods approach as well as exploration of market outlets characteristics that are important in driving prices. These gaps are directly addressed by the value-chains component of the SPACES project. In essence, the application of a multi-method approach in mapping and surveying of respondents at each value chain node at various sites along the coast in Kenya and Mozambique will not only contribute to addressing the identified gaps but will provide additional critical evidence in relating ecosystem service access and poverty.
Andrew Wamukota, who leads SPACES value chain research in Kenya, is the lead author of the paper and SPACES team members, Beatrice Crona and Tim Daw are coathors. The SPACES value chain analysis fieldwork has recently been completed in both Kenya and Mozambique.
Citation: Wamukota, A., Crona, B., Osuka, K., Daw, T. 2015. The Importance of Selected Individual Characteristics in Determining Market Prices for Fishers and Traders in Kenyan Small-Scale Fisheries. Society and Natural Resources 0: 1-16. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08941920.2015.1014600#.VX_SW_lVhBc
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SPACES publication: Men and women use, experience and value coastal ecosystem services differently
In this latest publication, Matt Fortnam and coauthors from the SPACES team compiled evidence from across the SPACES datasets to illustrate how people’s engagement with ecosystem services are fundamentally gendered… https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800918301836 See this Stockholm Resilience Centre news item for a summary of the paper: https://stockholmresilience.org/research/research-news/2019-03-17-ecosystem-services-for-men-ecosystem-services-for-women.html and in the blog below Kate Brown discusses the paper […]
Ecosystem services: The past, the pitfalls and the potential for supporting wellbeing of people in the Western Indian Ocean
Tim Daw’s keynote presentation at the 10th WIOMSA symposium. What has the science of ecosystems services got to offer the people and policymakers of the WIO region? And what are the opportunities to use this now widespread concept to sustainably support human wellbeing through these turbulent times. I outline key insights, challenges and opportunities from […]
Structure-Conduct-Performance of nearshore marine fisheries in Kenya
Andrew Wamukota’s presentation at the WIOMSA symposium on the structure-conduct-performance of nearshore marine fisheries in Kenya. This presentation is an exploration of the what we can learn from S-C-P in understanding poverty among actors. An application of S-C-P in nearshore marine fisheries is useful in understanding the behaviour of actors and how these influence their wellbeing. […]
Fisheries and mangrove pole value chains in Kenya: A comparative analysis across fisheries and sites
This working paper synthesizes results from value chain mapping of four types of commodities (octopus, small pelagics, mixed reef fish and mangrove pole) across four sites in Coastal Kenya (Jimbo/ Vanga, Tsunza, Kongowea and Mkwiro/Shimoni). Data was collected within the SPACES project, by the SPACES field team in Kenya from 28th November 2014 to 31st […]
The Importance of Selected Individual Characteristics in Determining Market Prices for Fishers and Traders in Kenyan Small-Scale Fisheries
This article examines how selected socioeconomic characteristics of fishers and traders shape market prices at five coastal communities in Kenya. Focus groups elicited perceived factors affecting market prices, which were then tested using quantitative analysis. Ownership of fishing gear by fishers negatively influenced the prices taken. Fish traders who bought larger quantities paid a higher […]
Market structure & participation in trade in octopus, mixed reef fish & small pelagics in Kenya and Mozambique: A value chains approach – Andrew Wamukota et al.(2.1 MB)
Reef fisheries are important for food and livelihoods of coastal communities in the Western Indian Ocean (WIO) region. The degree to which different people can benefit from fisheries depends on the structure of the market. In spite of their critical role in supporting livelihoods, most fisheries research in WIO has focused on the ecological aspects […]
Artisanal fisheries at Pemba Town, Cabo Delgado: Structure, dynamics and contribution of catch for livelihood in a urban environment – Vera Julien et al.(1.8 MB)
Artisanal fisheries are a key subsistence activity of coastal populations of East Africa. Significant numbers of local communities depend on artisanal fisheries for food and income. Northern Mozambique is changing rapidly due to oil and gas industry and tourism. This presentation looks at the increased pressure on fisheries, other opportunities for coastal communities, and the […]
IIFET 2016 – Small Scale developing country fish value chain
Fisheries Value Chains in Northern Mozambique: A comparative analysis across fisheries and sites
This working paper synthesizes results from value chain mapping of three types of small-scale fisheries (octopus, small pelagics and mixed reef fish) across four sites in Northern Mozambique (Lalane, Maringhana, Mieze, and Vamizi). Data was collected within the SPACES project, by the SPACES field team in Mozambique from February – April 2015. It draws on […]
Value chain analysis
All information including publications, conference presentations and news items related to value chain analysis is tagged below.
What has wellbeing got to do with the price of fish: A focus on fishers’ income might miss opportunities for sustainable poverty alleviation
SPACES research informs a call to consider fisheries benefits to wellbeing beyond income. An income focus can miss non-monetary dimensions of poverty, unequal distributions and whether it is spent and saved to improve people’s quality of life. By Tim Daw and Ida Gabrielsson For the past four years, SPACES has conducted research in coastal communities […]
Value Chain Analysis Data Treat
How the benefits of reef fish trade are shared in two Kenyan landing sites These figures illustrate how income generated from the reef fish value chain is shared amongst different actors in two sites in Kenya. The size of the fish represents the total income generated by the value chain and this is divided […]
SPACES Value Chain research presented at international fisheries economics meeting
Beatrice Crona, Andrew Wamukota, Liz Drury O’Neil and Tim Daw attended the ‘International Institute for Fisheries Economics and Trade’ conference held in Aberdeen 12-15th July 2016. SPACES research into fisheries value chains in Kenya was presented by Beatrice, while Andrew, Liz and Tim also gave presentations about fisheries value chains and the impact of global […]