• Mangroves provide important goods and services and are vital to Western Indian Ocean coastal communities (woody resources, fish, ecological services, etc.); There are 9 species in the region; Madagascar and Mozambique have the largest areas;
  • Mozambique mangrove area latest estimate: 2.953 km2 – the 3rd largest in Africa
  • Country trend: increase/no change in remote areas; decrease close to human settlements
  • Causes of degradation: population pressure/poverty, economic drivers, inappropriate governance, inadequate knowledge and awareness, climate change and natural processes
  • Main objective of the study: To describe and compare parameters of mangrove utilization in contrasting communities (urban vs rural) with different cultural habits

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