By Tim Daw
Early in June at the Stockholm Resilience Centre (SRC), Nicole Reid successfully presented her masters thesis on “Patterns of Subjective Wellbeing in Coastal Kenya and Mozambique and Factors Affecting It”. Nicole Reid was part of the Master’s program Social-Ecological Resilience for Sustainable Development at the SRC.
For her thesis, Nicole explored the subjective wellbeing data collected during the household survey in Kenya and Mozambique. Wellbeing is multidimensional and consists of three dimensions, the material, the relational, and the subjective. Material wellbeing is made up of material resources like money, clothing, fish, or food. Relational wellbeing is composed of social relationships and personal relationships one has. The subjective dimension is about how people evaluate their lives in regards to their material resources, their social relationships, their role in society, and their cultural values and beliefs.
From here analysis Nicole found that:
- Women respondents were generally more satisfied with their lives than men. People living in urban areas were more dissatisfied and life satisfaction varied with age for both genders.
- Men related to the material and relational dimension of wellbeing and mentioned food, money, education, and clothing frequently. Women on the other hand related only to the relational dimension of wellbeing, and mentioned health, friends, religion, and their spouse.
- Basic needs contributed to the wellbeing of both satisfied and dissatisfied respondents in such that those who met more of their basic needs were satisfied and those who did not meet some of their basic needs were dissatisfied. Dissatisfied respondents mentioned money and job the most frequently as to why they were dissatisfied.
- Ecosystem services have direct impact on human wellbeing, however, they were rarely mentioned by the respondents. It can be that ecosystem services are hidden in the responses, for example in their job such as fishing, or in food or shelter.
Now that Nicole is finished with her studies, she plans to enjoy to enjoy her summer and she hopes to continue to investigate wellbeing and basic needs in the future. Nicole is thankful to Tim Daw, Edgar Bueno, Emma Sundström and the SPACES team for their support and guidance during thesis process.
To read the full thesis click here.
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SPACES publication: Men and women use, experience and value coastal ecosystem services differently
In this latest publication, Matt Fortnam and coauthors from the SPACES team compiled evidence from across the SPACES datasets to illustrate how people’s engagement with ecosystem services are fundamentally gendered… https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800918301836 See this Stockholm Resilience Centre news item for a summary of the paper: https://stockholmresilience.org/research/research-news/2019-03-17-ecosystem-services-for-men-ecosystem-services-for-women.html and in the blog below Kate Brown discusses the paper […]
New Publication: Assessing Basic Human Needs to prevent serious harm
The methodology used to explore whether people meet their basic human needs is presented and discussed in this new paper. The paper proposes this as a way to monitor the impact of conservation actions on people to prevent serious harm. Chaigneau, T., Coulthard, S., Brown, K., Daw, T.M. and Schulte‐Herbrüggen, B., 2018. Incorporating basic needs […]
Ecosystem services: The past, the pitfalls and the potential for supporting wellbeing of people in the Western Indian Ocean
Tim Daw’s keynote presentation at the 10th WIOMSA symposium. What has the science of ecosystems services got to offer the people and policymakers of the WIO region? And what are the opportunities to use this now widespread concept to sustainably support human wellbeing through these turbulent times. I outline key insights, challenges and opportunities from […]
Fisheries and mangrove pole value chains in Kenya: A comparative analysis across fisheries and sites
This working paper synthesizes results from value chain mapping of four types of commodities (octopus, small pelagics, mixed reef fish and mangrove pole) across four sites in Coastal Kenya (Jimbo/ Vanga, Tsunza, Kongowea and Mkwiro/Shimoni). Data was collected within the SPACES project, by the SPACES field team in Kenya from 28th November 2014 to 31st […]
Challenges of measuring place attachment in Kenya and Mozambique
This working paper investigates place attachment in Kenya and Mozambique. Place attachment can be defined as “the emotional bonds between people and a particular place or environment” (Seamon, 2014, p.11). The SPACES project survey included questions on place attachment in 7 different coastal communities in Kenya and Mozambique. The 2280 surveys that had valid records […]
Redefining poverty in Kenya’s fishing villages
https://rethink.earth/redefining-poverty-in-kenyas-fishing-villages/ SPACES findings on the different dimensions of poverty have been highlighted in a recent article on Rethink.Earth. Fishers in Kenya occupy one of the more lucrative jobs along the coast, but many of them still miss meals and live in basic house made with mud walls and mangrove poles. To find out why, read […]
Perceptions of degradation of Ecosystem services in a estuarine zone, center of Mozambique – Eunice Ribeiro et al.(1.0 MB)
Coastal habitats such as mangroves and estuaries provide important ecosystem services for human communities. These habitats are also some of the most heavily exploited by humans and therefore threaten natural systems. Nova Mambone village, established in 1957, is adjacent to an estuary, forming extensive mangrove forests, and the livelihood of the villagers are linked with […]
Artisanal fisheries at Pemba Town, Cabo Delgado: Structure, dynamics and contribution of catch for livelihood in a urban environment – Vera Julien et al.(1.8 MB)
Artisanal fisheries are a key subsistence activity of coastal populations of East Africa. Significant numbers of local communities depend on artisanal fisheries for food and income. Northern Mozambique is changing rapidly due to oil and gas industry and tourism. This presentation looks at the increased pressure on fisheries, other opportunities for coastal communities, and the […]
To what extent do coastal ecosystem services reduce income poverty? – Björn Schulte-Herbrüggen et al.(1.0 MB)
Björn Schulte- Herbruggen’s presentation at WIOMSA on environmental income and it’s potential to left people out of poverty.
Elasticity in Ecosystem services: Analysing variable relationships between ecosystems and human wellbeing – Tim Daw et al.(1.9 MB)
Tim Daw’s presentation on ecosystem service elasticity at WIOMSA. Daw concludes that the relationship between ecosystems and wellbeing is complex and not necessarily positive, and that understanding ecosystem elasticity can inform conservation and poverty alleviation efforts. Ecosystem service elasticity is affected by ecological and social mechanisms, is different for different people, and is different under […]
The contribution of ecosystem services to poverty alleviation in rural and urban sites? – Björn Schulte-Herbrüggen et al.(1.0 MB)
Björn Schulte-Herbruggen’s presentation at the 2015 PECS conference about environmental income in urban and rural coastal communities.
The choice of poverty framework matters when assessing the contribution of ecosystem services to poverty alleviation – Björn Schulte-Herbrüggen et al.
Björn Schulte-Herbruggen’s presentation at on different poverty frameworks. He concludes that: poverty levels vary strongly across different frameworks, different frameworks identify different people as poor, and ecosystem services may contribute poverty alleviation, but not all forms of poverty and hence not all deprived people stand to benefit.
Beyond landings – how do fisheries contribute to the lives of the poor? – Tim Daw et al.
Tim Daw’s presentation on how fisheries contribute to the lives of the poor. Key points: The ecological relationship between stock and flow presents challenges and tradeoffs Fisheries provide different benefits for multidimensional wellbeing Income is important and tied with other benefits but not the only value The value of each benefit, who can access it […]
Coastal ecosystem and poverty alleviation in Cabo Delgado Province of Mozambique – Julio Machele et al.
Marlino Mubai’s presentation on coastal ecosystems and poverty alleviation. The presentation touches on the environmental conditions in Cabo Delgado, Mozambique, the contribution of ecosystem services to wellbeing, degraded ecosystems, and the natural gas discovery off the Mozambican coast.
The sea belongs to all: Inequality and ecosystem services in coastal Cabo Delgado, Mozambique – Marlino Mubai et al.
Julio Machele’s presentation on inequality in ecosystem services. He concludes that there is unequal access to coastal ecosystem services in Cabo Delgado, and that these inequalities are based in ethnicity, cultural practices, gender, and wealth.
Do the poor benefit more? Patterns of ecosystem service benefits distribution and poverty in coastal Kenya and Mozambique – Tim Daw et al.
Tim Daw’s presentation on patterns of ecosystem service benefit distribution and poverty in coastal Kenya and Mozambique. Daw says that we: Need to deal with trade-offs Between different aspects of wellbeing and between different individuals Between different ecosystem services Because they have different connections to poverty Need a better understanding processes linking ecosystem services to […]
Understanding the disaggregated nature of ecosystem services well-being relationship in northern Mozambique – Dominque Goncalves
Dominique Goncalves’ picturesque presentation on the disaggregated nature of ecosystem services wellbeing relationship. She points out that fish and octopus are linked with most basic needs, but people are less satisfied with octopus, and that satisfaction levels vary between the communities. The levels can have to do with gender, tradition, conservation, migration, and/or development.
Exiting fishing behavior in Kenya and Mozambique: A first glance
This working paper analyzes what fishers in 7 coastal communities across the Kenyan and Mozambican coast would do if their catch was reduced by 50%. The question and data comes from SPACES household survey. The results shown in this paper provide a picture to better understand fishermen behavior in the region. In this context, 25% […]
Different ways to access food and their relationship to household food security in coastal Kenya and Mozambique
This thesis concentrates on the access component of food security by assessing how these different ways to access food (purchasing, households’ own food production and receiving food as gifts) are related to household food security in coastal Kenya and Mozambique. The analysis is based on a household survey conducted among 1130 households in rural and […]
Patterns of Subjective Wellbeing in Coastal Kenya and Mozambique and Factors Affecting It
This thesis explores patterns of subjective wellbeing in coastal communities of Kenya and Mozambique, using household survey data from Sustainable Poverty Alleviation from Coastal Ecosystem Services (SPACES) project. Subjective wellbeing studies how a person evaluates their life. Relative frequency of satisfaction scores were compared between different genders, age categories and sites. Similarly, relative frequency of […]
Applying the ecosystem services concept to poverty alleviation: the need to disaggregate human well-being. Environmental Conservation 2011
The concept of ecosystem services (ES), the benefits humans derive from ecosystems, is increasingly applied to environmental conservation, human well-being and poverty alleviation, and to inform the development of interventions. Payments for ecosystem services (PES) implicitly recognize the unequal distribution of the costs and benefits of maintaining ES, through monetary compensation from ‘winners’ to ‘losers’. […]
Elasticity in ecosystem services: exploring the variable relationship between ecosystems and human well-being. Ecology and Society 2016
Although ecosystem services are increasingly recognized as benefits people obtain from nature, we still have a poor understanding of how they actually enhance multidimensional human well-being, and how well-being is affected by ecosystem change. We develop a concept of “ecosystem service elasticity” (ES elasticity) that describes the sensitivity of human well-being to changes in ecosystems. […]
All the information including publications, conference presentations and news items related to the household survey is tagged below.
The choice of poverty framework matters when assessing the contribution of ecosystem services to poverty alleviation
Björn Schulte-Herbrüggen attended the European Ecosystem Services Conference held in Antwerp, Belgium 19-23 September 2016 (http://www.esconference2016.eu). The conference was organised by the Ecosystem Services Partnership (http://es-partnership.org), a worldwide network to enhance the science and practical application of ecosystem services. Björn gave a presentation entitled “The choice of poverty framework matters when assessing the contribution of […]