Redefining poverty in Kenya’s fishing villages

SPACES findings on the different dimensions of poverty have been highlighted in a recent article on Rethink.Earth. Fishers in Kenya occupy one of the more lucrative jobs along the coast, but many of them still miss meals and live in basic house made with mud walls and mangrove poles. To find out why, read the full story! 



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A Look Back at SPACE in 2017

In 2017, SPACES focused on communicating research to different stakeholders. As four years of research funding from ESPA (the UK Ecosystem Services from Poverty Alleviation programme) concluded, 30 team members from Kenya, Mozambique, UK and Sweden gathered in Stockholm to work on analyse findings and strategise on impact. With additional funding from SwedBio and ESPA the SPACES […]

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Ecosystem services: The past, the pitfalls and the potential for supporting wellbeing of people in the Western Indian Ocean

Powerpoint Presentation About Tim Daw’s keynote presentation at the 10th WIOMSA symposium. What has the science of ecosystems services got to offer the people and policymakers of the WIO region? And what are the opportunities to use this now widespread concept to sustainably support human wellbeing through these turbulent times. I outline key insights, challenges […]

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SPACES Data Explorer

In May 2017, SPACES researchers received additional impact funding from ESPA to share the project’s knowledge assets. The funding was used to develop SPACES Data Explorer. The idea springs from suggestions that the stakeholders gave in pilot interviews, about sharing findings with graphs and making it more user friendly. The Data Explorer democratizes SPACES data […]

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Report from 1:1 Meetings in Mozambique

pdf link About Meeting report from the one-to-one meetings held in Mozambique with six key organizations and institutions. Salomao Bandeira and Celia Macamo led the meetings and shared SPACES key findings and results with the stakeholders. The report outlines who was met, what was presented, and what more information was requested from the stkaheholders.

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Report from 1:1 Meetings in Kenya

pdf link About This report summarizes the 1-1 meetings that SPACES team members conducted with 20+ key stakeholders in Kenya. The one on one meetings offered a free atmosphere to share and discuss SPACES Project findings and community dialogue feedback. The stakeholders were able to interrogate the research findings and the feedback from community dialogue […]

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Challenges of measuring place attachment in Kenya and Mozambique

Link to pdf Abstract This working paper investigates place attachment in Kenya and Mozambique. Place attachment can be defined as “the emotional bonds between people and a particular place or environment” (Seamon, 2014, p.11). The SPACES project survey included questions on place attachment in 7 different coastal communities in Kenya and Mozambique. The 2280 surveys […]

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Impact Story: Upscaling a successful carbon offset project in Vanga

In Vanga, there is a high quality mangrove forest that provides several ecosystem services directly to the community. Soon the forest will provide services to people living in other parts of the world as well. Vanga has been chosen as the site to launch a community led carbon offset project.  SPACES researchers have collected baseline […]

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Community Dialogue Reports

Final Report Kenya and Mozambique: Fostering community level solutions based on SPACES and community level deliberations Monitoring and Evaluation Report: Kenya Narrative Report: Mozambique

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Using the future to make better decisions in the present. SPACES Workshop Report, Diani, Kenya 7-9th September 2015

English(2.6 MB) Executive summary (Swahili)(0.1 MB) Executive summary (English)(0.3 MB) SPACES organized a three day workshop with the title “Using the future to make better decisions in the present” in Leopard Beach hotel in Ukunda, Kenya from 7 to 9 September 2015, which gathered a wide range of organizations including experts in poverty alleviation and […]

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Using the future to make better decisions in the present in Cabo delgado SPACES Workshop Report, Pemba, Mozambique 15-17th September 2015

Portuguese(2.1 MB) English Executive Summary SPACES organized a three-day workshop with the title “Using the future to make better decisions in the present” at Raphael’s hotel in Pemba, Mozambique, from 15 to 17 September 2015, which gathered a wide range of organizations including experts in poverty alleviation and sustainable resource management from government, community organizations, […]

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Interim Workshop Report, Diani, Kenya 3-4th February 2015

English(1.4 MB) About The workshop was facilitated by the project partners from different institutions. The workshop applied participatory tools and methods to ensure close interactions among the participants and facilitate sharing of knowledge and experience. Experiential learning was encouraged through group work, buzz groups, presentations and plenary discussions and various. This is an interim report […]

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Looking to the future – linking poverty alleviation and sustainable coastal ecosystems in Kenya. SPACES Workshop Report, Diani, Kenya 3-4th February 2015

English(20 MB) Executive summary (Swahili)(1.4 MB) Executive summary (English)(1.3 MB) Appendices(2 MB) Executive Summary A two-day stakeholder workshop “Looking to the future- Linking poverty alleviation and sustainable coastal ecosystems in coastal Kenya” was held on 03-04 February 2015 at the Leopard Beach hotel in Diani, Mombasa and attended by participants dealing with issues on poverty […]

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Interim Workshop Report, Pemba, Mozambique 10-11th February 2015

Link to pdf (Portuguese) Este seminário foi facilitado pelos parceiros do projecto de diferentes instituições e, aplicou ferra mentas e métodos participativos para garantir interações estreitas entre os participantes e facilitar a partilha de conhecimentos e experiências. A aprendizagem pela experimentação foi incentivada através de trabalho em grupo, grupos de discussão , apresentações e discussões […]

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Looking to the future – linking poverty alleviation and sustainable coastal ecosystems in coastal Mozambique SPACES Workshop Report, Pemba, Mozambique 10-11th February 2015

English(7.3 MB) Portuguese(3.6 MB) Executive Summary (English & Portuguese)(0.4 MB) About SPACES ecologists and social scientists work with people and their local ecosystems in eight example communities in Kenya and Mozambique to map out links between different coastal ecosystems and poor people’s wellbeing, such as how access to ecosystem benefits can help people to meet […]

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Perceptions of degradation of Ecosystem services in a estuarine zone, center of Mozambique – Eunice Ribeiro et al.(1.0 MB)

Link to pdf About Coastal habitats such as mangroves and estuaries provide important ecosystem services for human communities. These habitats are also some of the most heavily exploited by humans and therefore threaten natural systems. Nova Mambone village, established in 1957, is adjacent to an estuary, forming extensive mangrove forests, and the livelihood of the […]

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Artisanal fisheries at Pemba Town, Cabo Delgado: Structure, dynamics and contribution of catch for livelihood in a urban environment – Vera Julien et al.(1.8 MB)

Link to pdf About Artisanal fisheries are a key subsistence activity of coastal populations of East Africa. Significant numbers of local communities depend on artisanal fisheries for food and income. Northern Mozambique is changing rapidly due to oil and gas industry and tourism. This presentation looks at the increased pressure on fisheries, other opportunities for […]

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Participatory tools for enhanced systems understanding – Matilda Thyresson et al.(1.9 MB)

Link to pdf About Four participatory workshops were held in Mozambique and Kenya (two in each country). Workshop 1 centered around analyzing the current system including the major factors affecting it, the main drivers of future change, and future scenarios. Workshop 2 followed on from workshop 1. Workshop 2 dealt with the future scenarios in […]

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To what extent do coastal ecosystem services reduce income poverty? – Björn Schulte-Herbrüggen et al.(1.0 MB)

Link to pdf About Björn Schulte- Herbruggen’s presentation at WIOMSA on environmental income and it’s potential to left people out of poverty.

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Elasticity in Ecosystem services: Analysing variable relationships between ecosystems and human wellbeing – Tim Daw et al.(1.9 MB)

Link to pdf About Tim Daw’s presentation on ecosystem service elasticity at WIOMSA. Daw concludes that the relationship between ecosystems and wellbeing is complex  and not necessarily positive, and that understanding ecosystem elasticity can inform conservation and poverty alleviation efforts. Ecosystem service elasticity is affected by ecological and social mechanisms, is different for different people, […]

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The contribution of ecosystem services to poverty alleviation in rural and urban sites? – Björn Schulte-Herbrüggen et al.(1.0 MB)

Link to pdf About Björn Schulte-Herbruggen’s presentation at the 2015 PECS conference about environmental income in urban and rural coastal communities.

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The choice of poverty framework matters when assessing the contribution of ecosystem services to poverty alleviation – Björn Schulte-Herbrüggen et al.

Link to pdf About Björn Schulte-Herbruggen’s presentation at on different poverty frameworks. He concludes that: poverty levels vary strongly across different frameworks, different frameworks identify different people as poor, and ecosystem services may contribute poverty alleviation, but not all forms of poverty and hence not all deprived people stand to benefit.

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Beyond landings – how do fisheries contribute to the lives of the poor? – Tim Daw et al.

Link to pdf About Tim Daw’s presentation on how fisheries contribute to the lives of the poor. Key points: The ecological relationship between stock and flow presents challenges and tradeoffs Fisheries provide different benefits for multidimensional wellbeing Income is important and tied with other benefits but not the only value The value of each benefit, […]

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Coastal ecosystem and poverty alleviation in Cabo Delgado Province of Mozambique – Julio Machele et al.

Link to pdf About Marlino Mubai’s presentation on coastal ecosystems and poverty alleviation. The presentation touches on the environmental conditions in Cabo Delgado, Mozambique, the contribution of ecosystem services to wellbeing, degraded ecosystems, and the natural gas discovery off the Mozambican coast.

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The sea belongs to all: Inequality and ecosystem services in coastal Cabo Delgado, Mozambique – Marlino Mubai et al.

Link to pdf About Julio Machele’s presentation on inequality in ecosystem services. He concludes that there is unequal access to coastal ecosystem services in Cabo Delgado, and that these inequalities are based in ethnicity, cultural practices, gender, and wealth.

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Do the poor benefit more? Patterns of ecosystem service benefits distribution and poverty in coastal Kenya and Mozambique – Tim Daw et al.

Link to pdf About Tim Daw’s presentation on patterns of ecosystem service benefit distribution and poverty in coastal Kenya and Mozambique. Daw says that we: Need to deal with trade-offs Between different aspects of wellbeing and between different individuals Between different ecosystem services Because they have different connections to poverty Need a better understanding processes […]

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Understanding the disaggregated nature of ecosystem services well-being relationship in northern Mozambique – Dominque Goncalves

Link to pdf About Dominique Goncalves’ picturesque presentation on the disaggregated nature of ecosystem services wellbeing relationship. She points out that fish and octopus are linked with most basic needs, but people are less satisfied with octopus, and that satisfaction levels vary between the communities. The levels can have to do with gender, tradition, conservation, […]

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Exiting fishing behavior in Kenya and Mozambique: A first glance

Link to pdf Abstract This working paper analyzes what fishers in 7 coastal communities across the Kenyan and Mozambican coast would do if their catch was reduced by 50%. The question and data comes from SPACES household survey. The results shown in this paper provide a picture to better understand fishermen behavior in the region. […]

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Different ways to access food and their relationship to household food security in coastal Kenya and Mozambique

Link to pdf About This thesis concentrates on the access component of food security by assessing how these different ways to access food (purchasing, households’ own food production and receiving food as gifts) are related to household food security in coastal Kenya and Mozambique. The analysis is based on a household survey conducted among 1130 […]

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Patterns of Subjective Wellbeing in Coastal Kenya and Mozambique and Factors Affecting It

Link to pdf About This thesis explores patterns of subjective wellbeing in coastal communities of Kenya and Mozambique, using household survey data from Sustainable Poverty Alleviation from Coastal Ecosystem Services (SPACES) project. Subjective wellbeing studies how a person evaluates their life. Relative frequency of satisfaction scores were compared between different genders, age categories and sites. […]

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Linking sustainable ecosystem services to human wellbeing in policy: A review of Kenyan policies and strategies

Link to pdf About  This report has assessed how government policies and strategies depict the relationship between ecosystem services and wellbeing by reviewing 14 Kenyan policy documents related to coastal ecosystem services. It has examined to what extent policies address sustainability of ecosystems, poverty and wellbeing, access to natural resources, needs and aspirations among different […]

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Linking sustainable ecosystem services to human wellbeing in policy: A review of Mozambican policies and strategies

Link to pdf About This report has assessed how government policies and strategies depict the relationship between ecosystem services and wellbeing by reviewing 15 Mozambican policy documents related to coastal ecosystem services. This review examined the extent to which selected national policies in Mozambique address sustainability of ecological stocks, access and benefit-sharing issues related to […]

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Applying the ecosystem services concept to poverty alleviation: the need to disaggregate human well-being. Environmental Conservation 2011

Link to pdf (Open Access) About The concept of ecosystem services (ES), the benefits humans derive from ecosystems, is increasingly applied to environmental conservation, human well-being and poverty alleviation, and to inform the development of interventions. Payments for ecosystem services (PES) implicitly recognize the unequal distribution of the costs and benefits of maintaining ES, through […]

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Elasticity in ecosystem services: exploring the variable relationship between ecosystems and human well-being. Ecology and Society 2016

Link to pdf (Open Access) Abstract Although ecosystem services are increasingly recognized as benefits people obtain from nature, we still have a poor understanding of how they actually enhance multidimensional human well-being, and how well-being is affected by ecosystem change. We develop a concept of “ecosystem service elasticity” (ES elasticity) that describes the sensitivity of […]

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Policy and Interventions for the Future

All information including publications, conference presentations and news items related to policy and interventions for the future is tagged below.

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Household survey

All the information including publications, conference presentations and news items related to the household survey is tagged below.

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Impacting communities in Kenya one organization at a time

In Kenya, SPACES team members have led community dialogues in the local communities where SPACES research was gathered. The dialogues were a way for SPACES to thank the communities for their participation in the research process and for the community members to discuss the research findings amongst themselves and what the implications are for the […]

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Investigating patterns of subjective wellbeing in Kenya and Mozambique

Early in June at the Stockholm Resilience Centre (SRC), Nicole Reid successfully presented her  masters thesis on “Patterns of Subjective Wellbeing in Coastal Kenya and Mozambique and Factors Affecting It”. Nicole Reid was part of the Master’s program Social-Ecological Resilience for Sustainable Development at the SRC. For her thesis, Nicole explored the subjective wellbeing data […]

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Community Dialogues in Kenya

In Kenya, the SPACES field team is conducting community dialogues in the coastal communities of Vanga, Jimbo, Tsunza, Mkwiro, Shimoni, and Kongowea. The team has returned from the first three sites and has reflected on the process and has recently departed for the next site, Mkwiro. During the community dialogues, the team is presenting some […]

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[:en]Community dialogue planning meeting in Mombasa, Kenya[:pt]co[:]

The SPACES project has received a supplementary grant from SwedBIO to conduct community dialogues which are aimed at providing an engagement at the community level allowing an interface between perspectives, understandings and visions from community and higher levels as informed by SPACES research. A fruitful planning meeting was held in Mombasa, Kenya from 15th to […]

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The choice of poverty framework matters when assessing the contribution of ecosystem services to poverty alleviation

Björn Schulte-Herbrüggen attended the European Ecosystem Services Conference held in Antwerp, Belgium 19-23 September 2016 (http://www.esconference2016.eu). The conference was organised by the Ecosystem Services Partnership (http://es-partnership.org), a worldwide network to enhance the science and practical application of ecosystem services. Björn gave a presentation entitled “The choice of poverty framework matters when assessing the contribution of […]

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Feedback of SPACES finding to the communities in Kenya and Mozambique

This impact activity targets impact partners and local and regional initiatives in coastal Kenya and Cabo Delgado, Mozambique. 8 coastal communities (urban and rural) in southern Kenya and northern Mozambique.These will be based on community-level deliberations at the eight SPACES rural and urban sites. Kenyan research sites include rural ‘South Coast’ sites (Vanga, Shimoni, Mkwiro, […]

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[:en]Report from the second round of major SPACES stakeholder workshops are posted on the website.[:]

The workshops “Using the future to make better decisions in the present” were held in Diani, Kenya and Pemba, Mozambique in September 2015. Participants included experts in poverty alleviation and sustainable resource management from government, community organizations, non-governmental organizations and conservation and education sectors in coastal Kenya. The workshop revisited scenarios from previous workshops  and […]

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Finding Our Way to Transdisciplinarity: Reflections from the Second SPACES Multistakeholder Workshop in Kenya

I’m on my way back to Sweden from Diani, Kenya after the second major SPACES stakeholder workshop, “Using the future to make better decisions in the present”.  The SPACES researchers, local community representatives, government officers, and two visitors from Southern Africa Partnership on Ecosystem Services and Society (SAPECS) explored possible future developments of ecosystems, ecosystem […]

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Creating Positive Stories of the Future

Once upon a time in Paradiso village, there lived a fisherman with his wife and two children… As we all know, this is how all good stories start, and it was no different for the third day of the Kenyan workshop where the participants got to draw on all their creativity and story-telling skills to […]

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SPACES model training workshop, Diani, Kenya

The ESPA-SPACES team is holding a modeler training workshop at the Leopard Beach Hotel in Diani, Kenya from 20th to 25th April, 2015. The workshop brings together researchers and students from the Kenyan Marine Fisheries Research Institute and Wildlife Conservation Society Coral Reef Conservation Project, Universidade Eduardo Mondlane (Mozambique), Stockholm Resilience Centre (Sweden), the University […]

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Linking poverty alleviation and sustainable coastal ecosystems in Mozambique

On the 10th and 11th February, 2015, SPACES ran a two day workshop in Mozambique to improve understanding of poverty alleviation and coastal ecosystems in both urban and rural areas in the coastal region, for both local participants, and the SPACES team. The workshop took place at Pemba Beach Hotel, Pemba, and attracted 27 participants […]

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Looking into the Future Workshop, Diani

Linking poverty alleviation and sustainable coastal ecosystems in Kenya On the 3rd and 4th February, 2015, SPACES ran a two day workshop in Kenya to improve understanding of poverty alleviation and coastal ecosystems in both urban and rural areas in the coastal region, for both local participants, and the SPACES team. The workshop took place […]

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Upcoming Stakeholder Workshops

Looking to the future: Linking poverty alleviation and sustainable coastal ecosystems in coastal Kenya and Mozambique The first round of stakeholder workshops are taking place in the next two weeks in Kenya and Mozambique. 3-4th February in Diani, Kenya 10-11th February in Pemba, Mozambique. These workshops aim to introduce managers, scientists, local government and community leaders to […]

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