Household surveys were conducted by trained local enumerators in three rural coastal communities along the Kenyan coast between March and May 2014. The short period of data collection ensured all households were interviewed during the same season. The household survey gathered data on household income and four poverty dimensions coming from different disciplines and including both objective and subjective wellbeing: i) Household income (economics/objective) ii) Material Style of Life (livelihoods/objective) iii) Life satisfaction (psychology/subjective) and iv) Basic human needs (wellbeing/combination of objective and subjective). A randomly selected sample of 722 households was included in the survey. However, to ensure representative within household variation of responses, we interviewed up to three people per household, including the household head, spouse and a randomly chosen third person aged 16 or above, resulting in a total of 847 interviews. All people were interviewed separately to avoid interference. In communities in which the density of fishing households (and thus the number of fisher interviews within the random sample) was low, fishers were oversampled with additional interviews with fishers in addition to the random household sample to ensure a number of fisher interviews were collected at all sites.