Guide to the participatory tools and processes developed by P-MOWTICK(2.4 MB)


Participatory Modelling of Wellbeing Trade-Offs in Coastal Kenya (P-mowtick) was funded by UK
Research Council ESPA (Ecosystem Services for Poverty Alleviation) in 2011 and 2012 to develop a
framework and tools for explicitly identifying trade-offs between the wellbeing of different stakeholders
resulting from changes in ecosystem services. The framework combined wellbeing research with primary
stakeholders, marine ecosystem modelling, social-ecological systems modelling, scenarios, and
participatory processes to understand, document, and explore trade-offs between Ecosystem Service
benefits to the wellbeing of different user groups under different governance arrangements. More
information on the project can be found at
This report documents the participatory tools used and communicates reflections on these methods for
the use of other researchers or practitioners who may want to draw from the experiences of this project.
Each section describes the activities undertaken. This document is based on the team’s own observations,
reflections, the notes of independent observers and interviews with participants.

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